Friday, April 23, 2010

House-Keeping Management and Planning

Example of productive standard worksheet:
Total Shift Time = 9 hrs X 60 mins = 540 mins.
Beginning of Morning Shift = 20 mins
Tea Break = 10 mins
Lunch = 30 mins
Evening Tea Break = 10 mins
End of Morning Shift = 20 mins

Therefore., the room attendant is there for 450 mins in guest room (540-90).Therefore, mins & each room takes 30 mins to clean. Therefore, the attendant can clean 15 rooms in 450 mins.

(Turndown service) + Cleaning = (7-8 mins actually,10 mins/room)

450/10 =45 rooms/employee
Each employees cleans 45 rooms
5 mins – bed
10-15 mins – rack & carpet
10 mins – bathroom

Planning is probably the Executive Housekeepers most important management function. Without proper planning each day may present one prices after other. Since the Housekeeping is responsible for cleaning & maintaining so many different areas of the hotel. Planning should be undertaken in a systematic manner in order to obtain set objectives. Certain documents are essential & they are:
#Area Inventory List (AIL) : Planning the work of the Housekeeping Department begins with creating an inventory list of all items within each area that will need Housekeeping attention . Since most properties offered several different types of guestrooms, separate inventory list may be needed for guest room type . When preparing the guestroom ‘AIL’, it is a good idea to follow the same system that room attendant will use as their sequence of cleaning task & that supervisor will use in the course of their inspection.
Eg. Area within a guestroom may appear on an inventory list as they are found from right to left & from top to bottom around the room.
#Frequency Schedule : It indicates how often items on inventory list are to be cleaned. Items that must be cleaned on a daily or weekly basis become a part of a routine cleaning cycle and are incorporated into standard work procedures. Other items which must be cleaned, monthly or less frequently are inspected on a daily basis but they become part of a spring cleaning programme & are scheduled special cleaning projects.
#Performance Standard : They are required levels of performance that establish the quality of work that must be done according to the expectations of the property. The key to consistency in service is the performance standards which the Executive Housekeeper develops, daily inspections & periodic performance. Evaluation should follow up with specific on the job coaching & re-training. This ensures that all employees are consistently performing their tasks in the most efficient & effective manner.
# Productivity standards : (Refer previous example) It determines the quality of work to be done by department employees. Productivity standards must be determined in order to staff the department within the limitation with the hotel operating budget plans. Housekeeping Managers must know how long it should take a room attendant to perform the major cleaning tasks identified on the cleaning frequency schedules such as guestroom cleaning. Once this information is known, productivity standards can be developed, performance & productivity standard should be carefully balanced. If the quality expectation are set too high, the quantity of work that could be done may be low.
#Recycled & non recycled inventories: The Executive Housekeeper is responsible for 2 types of inventories. 1) Recycled inventory : It includes linen equipments & some guest supplies like extra bed, iron ,etc. The no. of recycled items that must be on hand to ensure smooth operations is expressed as a ‘PAR’. It refers to the standard number of items that must be on hand to support daily routine housekeeping operations eg. One par of linen is the total number of items needed to outfit all the hotel guestrooms once. Most sister hotels would on a ‘four-par’ of guest rooms linen (guestroom, floor pantry, laundry & linen). 2) Non-recycled inventory : They include cleaning supplies, guestroom supplies, guest-amenities like toothbrush, hair-conditioner,etc. They are used up during routine activities of the housekeeping department. A purchasing ordering for non recycled inventory items established a ‘par’ no. based on 2 figures i.e Maximum & minimum quantities.Tge minimum quantity is the least amount at which reordering is done taking into consideration the lead time (it is time taken by the supplier to convey goods from the time the order is placed).The maximum quantity is the amount ordered.


  1. page 37- 42, managing housekeeping operations, margaret m. kappaa, aleta nitschke, patricia b. schappert

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